Dysphagia is the inability, the sensation, or difficulty that comes from swallowing food or liquid caused by muscle spasms or other internal issues.

What is dysphagia?

Dysphagia refers to the difficulty or inability of a person to swallow food or liquid. This condition can arise from various causes, such as insufficient chewing of food leading to muscle spasms or other underlying internal problems. Dysphagia can also manifest as a feeling of food being stuck in the throat or chest. Feel free to reach out to our specialists for further information on how we can offer solutions to enhance your quality of life.

What causes dysphagia?

Dysphagia can be classified into two types, each with its own unique set of causes.

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

Oropharyngeal dysphagia refers to difficulties in initiating a swallow. This type is commonly associated with neuromuscular issues, where the muscles in the mouth, throat, and upper esophagus have direct connections to the brain. Nerve damage can lead to complications and hinder the swallowing process. Additionally, strictures (narrowed areas in the esophagus) or tumors in the throat can also impede swallowing.

Esophageal Dysphagia

Esophageal dysphagia can stem from various causes, some of which include:

– Scarring in the esophagus due to acid reflux (GERD)
– Inflammation in the esophagus caused by acid reflux
– Weakened esophageal muscle strength
– Achalasia, a condition where the lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax during swallowing due to abnormal nerve control
– Esophageal spasms
– Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)
– Blockage by a foreign body in the esophagus

If you experience dysphagia, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management.

What are the symptoms of dysphagia?

The most common symptoms and signs of dysphagia include:

– Drooling
– Inability to swallow
– The sensation of food being stuck in your throat or chest
– Pain while swallowing
– Regurgitation
– Hoarseness
– Unwanted weight loss
– Coughing or gagging while swallowing
– Acid reflux
– Food or liquid regurgitates through your nose
– Aspiration pneumonia
– Food impaction (food getting stuck)
– Chest pain

What are the treatments for dysphagia?

At The Gut Clinic UK, we offer a variety of treatment options to best meet individual needs. The most common treatments for dysphagia include:

– Learning exercises to re-stimulate nerves that trigger the swallowing reflex
– Learn different swallowing techniques
– Surgery
– Esophageal dilation
– Medications to reduce acid reflux, corticosteroids, or muscle relaxants
– Special liquid diet or feeding tube for severe cases


Find a specialist for your gut problem.

The Gut Clinic UK is a one of largest physician-led platform renowned for its exceptional Gut specialists in the United Kingdom. We take pride in our rigorous selection process for specialists, ensuring that only the most qualified and experienced professionals join our platform.

Our specialists actively engage with patients, providing them with clear explanations, answering their questions, and involving them in the decision-making process.